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Soybean oil production process
This template on how to start a soybean oil production in Nigeria, will give you needed guide on how to start and profit from Soybean oil production business. The cost of starting Soybean oil production business in Nigeria, The cost of the different Soybean oil production machine and equipment needed for the commercial processing of Soybean oil. The packaging of the Soybean oil and the feasibility report on Soybean oil production business are discussed in this soybean business plan template.
The soya bean ranks high among the leguminous crops of the world both in its content of protein and its nutritional quality. It occupies an intermediate position between legumes and oil seeds, containing more protein than most of the legumes but less fat than most of the oil seeds.
Soyabean is an oil seed crop that has been recognised as an important source of raw materials for the food and beverage industry. Whole soyabean comprises 40% protein, 34% carbohydrate and 21% oil. It is thus a good source of protein and oil for various industrial uses
Raw Materials Required for soybean oil production process
The raw material required for the extraction of oil from soyabean are chemical-hexanes, good quality soyabean which grows well in some part of the country especially in Kwara, Benue, Kogi, Ogun, Ondo, FCT and Niger States.
Market Potential for soybean oil production business
The demand for soybean oil is now on the increase because of its richness in protein as well as being a vegetable oil especially among the household in Nigeria.
The application of Soyabeans oil meets the specific requirements of various industries, including pharmaceutical, cosmetics, paint, food and beverage and textile industries.
Production Process for soybean oil production
Three methods are used for extraction of oil from soyabean, they are hydraulic press, screw press and solvent extraction. However, the solvent extraction involves technology that is widely used in commercial operation.
In solvent extraction, conditioned and flaked Soyabean enter an extractor, which is vapour-sealed. The system permits the flakes to enter and prevents the vapour from escaping. Commonly, percolation extractors are used for soybean. A liquid solvent, usually hexane, is percolated through a bed of soy flakes, dissolving the oil. The miscella, (the mixture of oil and solvent) leaves the bottom of the bed through a perforated plate or mesh screen. On leaving the extractor, the flakes contain 1 per cent oil, 7 percent of water and 35 per cent of hexane.
The next step is to remove the solvent from the flakes. A desolventizer-toaster is used. In the first, the flakes (7 per cent mixture) pass through steam, which strips away the hexane and raises the moisture of the flakes to about 20 per cent. They are then dried to about 10 per cent moisture, this treatment destroys the anti-nutritional factors such as trypsion inhibitors, unease and hemagglutinins. The toasted flakes are ground into meal, which contains about 400ppm hexane. In flash desolventization, the hexane-soaked flakes enter a stream of super heated hexane vapour. The latent heat generated evaporates the liquid hexane of the flakes. In a vapour desolventizer on the other hand, the wet flakes fall through a vapour of superheated hexane, and the hexane is flashed off in a manner similar to the flash desolventizer. In both the flash and vapour desolventizer, the flakes receive only a mild heat treatment.
The micella, which contains about 25-30 per cent oil, goes into a two-stage evaporates. The oil then move into a stripper at 99.8 per cent oil and is called
crude soybean oil. The vapour is cooled enough for the hexane to condense and return to the solvent tank where it is reused.
The extracted crude soybean oil contain small quantities of wax, pigment and minerals including phosphorus, sodium, iron and copper. The presence of B-carotene gives the oil normally undergoes refining comprising of degumming, neutralising, bleaching, hydrogenation and deodorization. The refined oil is used in the manufacture of cooking oil, drying oil, salad dressing and ice cream. The meal which is by-product of oil extraction can be processed into flour, gluten, protein concentrate or protein isolate.
Soybean oil extraction machine
Equipment required for oil extraction are extractor machine, screen presser, tanker, evaporators and tubs. Other equipment required are magnetic separation, shaker screen, Roll and Dehulling machine, Rotary Drier and Expeller.
Soybean oil extraction machine price can be inquired from The Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi (FIIRO) or product development institute
The plant is expected to produce 1200 litre of soybean oil per annum.
|(a) Fixed investment|
|(b) Working capital||N’000|
|Land and Building||750.00|
|Cost of production|
|Skilled workers 2||120.00|
|Unskilled workers 4||320.00|
|3% of the cost of plant and machinery||112.00|
|(e) Overhead cost||36.00|
|(0.75% proceeding cost)|
|(f) Sales of expenses|
|(10% of sales)||42.00|
|(h) Interest on total investment||1,223.00|
|(25% on investment|
|1200 litre @ 350/year||4,200.00|
|Profit before taxation||1,237.00|
|Rate of return on investment 25.3%|
|Rate of return on sales||29.5%|